To refine the children’s knowledge of verbs, and introduce the terms ‘transitive’ and ‘intransitive’.
To identify the subject and object in a sentence, and know an object isn’t always neccessary.
To revise that a compound word is when two or more words come together to make a new word.
To know that when two or more simple sentences are joined by a conjunction it is called a compound sentence. Similarly when a sentence has more than one subject or object , it is called a compound subject or object.
A transitive verb takes an object.
An intransitive verb does not take an object.
Look at the sentence below.
‘The brother and sister made gingerbread and muffins’.
Identify the simple subject and object in the sentence.
Who or what is doing the verb action? __________________.
The subject does the action.
Who or what is receiving the verb action? _______________
The object receives the action.
Look at this sentence.
‘The children are reading quietly’
Can you find the subject and object? ___________
What’s the problem? _____________________________.
What type of word is quietly and what is it doing?
The point here is that all sentences must have a subject and verb, but not necessarily an object.
Verbs that do have an object are said to be ‘transitive, and those which do not are called ‘intransitive’.
To help you remember, think about the prefixes
trans = across (so the verb sends its action across to the object)
in = not (so the verb does not send its action across to the object).
Look at this sentence
‘ The children are reading their books’
Is the verb transitive or intransitive?
Does it have an object? _____.
Grammar sheet 17
Read each sentence no identify the verb, subject, object ( if there is one).
Then decide whether the verb is transitive and takes an object, or is intransitive and does not.