To understand that a sentence tells the reader a fact or idea about a single topic.
To understand that statements are the most common type of sentence.
To know that a sentence must always start with a capital letter, contain a verb and subject.
To know that all sentences are punctuated with a full stop, question mark or an exclamation mark.
To know the difference between a statement and a question.
What is sentence?
Are there different types of sentences?
What must all sentences contain? a capital letter, a verb and a subject and either a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.
Look at these words
‘She went to hairdressers’
What is needed to make it a proper sentence? a verb
She went to the hairdressers.
Now look at these words
The exciting festival.
Does it make sense? it does however...
It has no verb, and therefore no subject so it is not a sentence but a phrase.
Lets write some more phrases (from across the curriculum)
When is the exciting festival?
What is different about this sentence? Why?
What are the seven ‘wh’ question words
(what, why, when, where, who, which, whose)
Write a sentence with each question word, remember to insert a question mark at the end.
Look at this sentence.
The festival is exciting.
Change it into a question.
Is the festival exciting?
Notice that ‘is’ was not one of our question words.
When a sentence contains the verb ’to be’ , it can be made into a question in this way.
We know three types of sentences so far
A sentence that asks for information. (Questions)
A sentence that expresses something very strongly. ( exclamation)
A sentence that gives information and ends in a full stop. ( statement)
Complete Grammar Sheet 25
Decide whether each sentence is a statement or a question.Put a circle around any question word.
What have we learned?